Auerbach's Smoking Beagles

Auerbach's Smoking Beagles

TO: Dr. H. Wakeham
FROM: R. Fagan
SUBJECT: Auerbach's Smoking Beagles

Summary of Image
Page One
Dog is an inveterate smoker
During test, dog became cyanotic, very restless, and salivated excessively
Test lasted 8-10 minutes and dog was in obvious distress
Typical invasive carcinoma evident to the non-expert eye
[click on image to enlarge to full size -- 20K]

Summary of Image
Page Two
Experiment is crude but effective example that carcinoma in dogs was produced
Obvious emphysema that was produced cannot be denied
[click on image to enlarge to full size -- 12K]


BACKGROUND NOTE: Our organization's media relations person tells me that the media loves anything that involves either kids or animals. In that spirit, today's document is about animals. Out of all the documents I've read that mention animals, this one had the most impact:


1) Our dog, which was an inveterate smoker, was placed in a stall to demonstrate how the animal smoked. We used a University of Kentucky reference cigarette. The dog's handler...recognized the cigaret to be 'stronger' than the brand they were using, and the behavior of the dog showed that he too was not used to this kind of smoke.

2) The lighting puff was not given to the dog, but was made by the pump attached to the cigaret holder. Thereafter the dog did its own smoking...the amount of smoke could be regulated by the attendant pinching off the tube leading from the cigaret to the tracheostomy tube. During the demonstration, Mr. Kirman did this when the dog became cyanotic, very restless and salivated excessively.

3) During the smoking period, which lasted 8-10 minutes, smoke poured out of the dog's mouth and nose. There were moments when the animal was in obvious distress.

4) Mr. Kirman states that there are 40 dogs still smoking and that the tests will continue...

...I would say that the experiment is a crude one but effective in that carcinoma in dogs has been produced....Modifications of the smoking technique could be made that would more closely reproduce the human exposure. But this is only a quibble. The crux of the situation is whether there is general agreement by qualified pathologists that carcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma has indeed been produced. And even if the cancer-production is invalidated, the obvious emphysema produced cannot be denied.

Anne Landman
American Lung Association of Colorado, West Region Office
Grand Junction

From Dr. Frederic Grannis, Chief of Thoracic Surgery at the City of Hope Hospital in Duarte, CA., July 31, 1999.

Before you use this document as an example of TI [tobacco industry] mistreatment of animals, you should know that the animals in question were the famous smoking beagles in Dr. Oscar Auerbach's lab in New Jersey, not animals mistreated in a TI lab.

Auerbach who died last year, was one of my teachers in medical school and a truly great man. He spent most of his adult life proving beyond any shadow of doubt that tobacco smoke caused cancer. At each step he was villified and tormented by TI "experts", and in the shadows that they manufactured, recognition of the validity of Auerbach's discoveries was delayed for decades.

Fred Grannis

Type of Document: Philip Morris Internal Memo
Title: Auerbach's Smoking Beagles
Date: February 25, 1970
Author: R. Fagan
To: Dr. H. Wakeham
Bates No. 1000837391/7392


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